What are stem cells?
What is a stem cell? A stem cell is a generic term used to describe the root cells of an organism. These cells are undifferentiated, which means they can develop into other types of cells.
What are some of the different types of stem cells? There are three types of stem cells: embryonic, somatic, and cord blood. Embryonic stem cells are obtained from the tissues of a human embryo, while somatic stem cells are harvested from adults. Cord blood is the blood that remains in a newborn's umbilical cord and placenta following birth.
What is the difference between bone marrow transplants and those performed with umbilical cord stem cells? The main difference between these two procedures is that stem cells can be obtained from an umbilical cord, whereas bone marrow transplants are only available through the removal of liquid marrow from the patient's pelvis.
Umbilical cord blood banking offers a more natural, less invasive way to harvest stem cells, which can also reduce potential complications.
Stem cells are essential for healthy body function and regeneration. They are used to treat blood-related disorders, bone marrow disorders, genetic disease conditions, chronic illnesses and injuries including cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), cerebral stroke and other neurologic conditions.
Experts believe that if stem cells were ever needed for an injury or illness in an athlete during competition or practice, it would be more likely that the athlete would need the stem cells for neurological purposes rather than musculoskeletal, since the central nervous system is so vulnerable. In fact, researchers have found that brain and spinal cord injuries and degeneration are the leading cause of death among people with disabilities.
What are stem cells used for? Stem cells are mainly used in medical treatments to help with chronic diseases, chronic injuries, and tissue damage. The blood in your body contains many different types of blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen through your body while white blood cells fight infection or illness. Platelets form clots that stop bleeding when you get cut or injured. These three kinds of blood cell have existed since the earliest days of life on Earth and helped our ancestors live longer lives free from many kinds of injury and disease.
What is an adult stem cell? A human adult stem cell is a type of undifferentiated cell that has the ability to develop into a specialized cell type. In the body, adult stem cells are found in tissues with high turnover rates such as bone marrow, peripheral blood, and intestinal epithelium.
How can a stem cell be harvested from a patient? The first step of stem cell harvesting is to take a bone marrow or blood sample from the patient. Next, the patient's cells are isolated and concentrated in a centrifuge and placed in an incubator for harvesting. This isolation process can take up to six hours. Once the cells are harvested, they will be sent to a lab where they will be kept frozen until needed.
One case is with umbilical cord blood, which has been used for decades to treat diseases and injuries in children who need a transplant or can't get their own blood cells because they have leukemia, for example. People may not realize that research using these same regenerative stem cells has led to many improvements in sports medicine, including treatment for injuries and chronic pain, enhanced tissue regeneration, improved function in athletes with muscle damage, and the removal of damaged nerves in people with nerve injuries.
How can stem cells help people with injuries or diseases?
Can stem cells help someone with cancer? It is possible that stem cells can help someone with cancer, however there are many variables that need to be taken into account. It all depends on the type of cancer being treated, the age and health of the patient, as well as other factors. One major variable is whether or not stem cells are being used for autologous or allogeneic transplants. If they are being used for an autologous transplant, then it is most likely they will not have an effect on the tumor since stem cells do not have the ability to destroy cancer cells. If they are being used for an allogeneic transplant however, then their immune system may react with the stem cells in order to fight off any tumors that were present in their body at the time of transplant.
Can stem cells help someone who has an injury? Most people are unaware that they can use stem cells to help their injuries, which is why more people are taking this into consideration. A person can either use their own stem cells (such as ones taken from the bone marrow) or they can use donated stem cells (stem cells donated by another individual).
The best way to use these cells is with regenerative sports therapy. This is where the patient gets his or her own stem cells injected into them before an injury takes place, and before any muscles get injured too severely. The reason this is important is because these new technologies enable the treatment of sports injuries in a faster and more effective way. With regenerative sports therapy, there's a lower chance of re-injury in a certain area.
What diseases can stem cells help people with? Many diseases and injuries can be treated with stem cells including osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, liver disease, heart disease, stroke, cerebral palsy, blood cancer and diabetes.
What is umbilical cord blood banking? Cord blood banking means that blood is collected from the umbilical cord at birth. It provides the baby with natural protection against life-threatening conditions like leukemia or other types of cancer. Cord blood stem cells are an effective way to combat life-threatening illnesses like cancer because they produce healthy white and red blood cells which can replace unhealthy ones. Cord Blood Banking helps individuals produce new cells which have the potential to fight off illness or injury.